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Asian cities face the biggest environmental risks: study From “International: Top News And Analysis”



Traffic congestion in Jakarta, Indonesia.Bay Ismoyo | AFP | Getty ImagesAsian cities are facing the greatest risks from environmental hazards including extreme heat, climate change and natural disasters, according to a new report from Verisk Maplecroft.Among the 100 cities most at risk, 99 of them are in Asia — with 37 in China and 43 in India.Globally, the report found 414 cities across the world, with a population of more than 1 million each, are vulnerable to pollution, dwindling water supplies, extreme heat, natural hazards and climate change. Collectively, those cities are home to 1.4 billion people.Here are the top riskiest cities in the world, according to Verisk Maplecroft.1. Jakarta, Indonesia2. Delhi, India3. Chennai, India4. Surabaya, Indonesia5. Chandigarh, India6. Agra, India7. Meerut, India8. Bandung, Indonesia9. Aligarh, India10. Kanpur, IndiaIndonesiaIndiaIndia’s urban cities such as Delhi, Chennai, Jaipur, Lucknow, Bengaluru and financial hub Mumbai are among the top 30 places most at risk, according to the report.In recent years, the Indian capital of New Delhi has made headlines for having air quality so hazardous that officials were forced to declare public health emergencies and close schools.South Asia’s largest country faces the twin challenges of air and water pollution. The report noted that noxious air caused almost one in five deaths in India in 2019 and resulted in economic losses of $36 billion.Meanwhile, water pollution led to almost $9 billion in annual health-care costs and led to 400,000 deaths each year in the country.East AsiaEast Asian cities are more at risk from natural disasters, according to the report. In China, Guangzhou and Dongguan are prone to flooding. The Chinese city of Shenzhen, as well as Tokyo and Osaka in Japan face threats including earthquakes and typhoons.Pollution is also a big problem in China. The report pointed out that China and India accounted for as many as 286 million people, out of the 336 million living in cities at extreme risk of pollution.AfricaClimate change is worsening the environmental risks and the African continent is most vulnerable. Cities there are exposed to climate extremities and are least-equipped to mitigate the physical impacts, according to the report.”A significant danger for many cities is how climate change will amplify weather-related risks,” Will Nichols, head of environment and climate change research at Verisk Maplecroft, said in the report. “Higher temperatures and the increasing severity and frequency of extreme events such as storms, droughts and flooding will change the quality of living and economic growth prospects of many cities across the globe.”Last month, leaders from countries such as Brazil, Canada and Japan committed to curb domestic greenhouse gas emissions and tackle climate change during the climate summit hosted by President Joe Biden. The United States, for its part, has vowed to cut emissions by at least 50% by 2030.







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Bill Gates-Melinda Gates Divorce Shakes World’s Biggest Family Philanthropy Engine From “NDTV News – World-news”



Bill and Melinda Gates announced their divorce this week after 27 years of marriage.A young Bill and Melinda Gates, riding in the back of a truck, were on the continent for the first time in 1993 — there to see animals, nature and discuss their priorities as a soon-to-be married couple. But what they saw sparked a broader conversation about the enormous fortune they’d already begun to amass.”It was our first sustained look at extreme poverty,” Melinda said in a speech in Abu Dhabi in 2016. It was “the beginning of our education about the challenges facing the world’s poorest people.”It was also the beginning of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, the philanthropic behemoth the couple built over the course of their 27-year marriage, which ended this week. In their note announcing the split, they said they would continue running the foundation together.Despite this assurance, news of the divorce sent a shock wave through the world of philanthropy.A Commitment To GivingIn 2010, the Gateses, now worth about $145 billion, signed the Giving Pledge, a promise they co-created for the world’s richest people to donate the majority of their wealth in their lifetime or will. They committed “the vast majority of our assets to the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.” It remains to be seen how that money will be distributed in the wake of their split.The pledge is in no way legally binding, and Bill and Melinda have already explored other ways of giving back, tackling climate change and gender inequality, respectively, through their own investment firms. Their individual giving could expand now that there are two ultra-high-net worth households instead of one, said Elizabeth Dale, associate professor of nonprofit leadership at Seattle University.The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation is no ordinary family philanthropy; it’s the largest of its kind on the planet. With more than 1,600 employees and offices around the world, it has a $50 billion endowment, and has already distributed more than $50 billion since its inception to causes like vaccine development and women’s empowerment. It rivals large countries in its support, contributing more resources to research and development to combat malaria, tuberculosis and other diseases.It also has its ties to Wall Street.The foundation trust distributes tens of millions of dollars in fees every year to investment managers and financial services firms. Some of the biggest recipients disclosed in the trust’s most recent tax return included Marathon Asset Management, Wright Management, State Street Corporation and Green Court Capital Management, who all received more than $7 million in fees.Any change to Bill or Melinda’s involvement in the foundation would have a big impact because of its unusual board size. Bill and Melinda make up two-thirds of the foundation’s trustees. The third member is their friend Warren Buffett, who has added more than $27 billion of his own money to the foundation’s coffers over the past 15 years.The Ford Foundation, which is roughly a fifth the size of the Gates Foundation, has 15 members on its board. The Rockefeller Foundation, at a 10th of the size, has no fewer than 12 at any time. And unlike those organizations, its living donors can influence its priorities and operations, said Greg Witkowski, a senior lecturer of nonprofit management at Columbia University.Dale and Witkowski agree the split won’t immediately impact the foundation or the grants that have already been promised, but it could impact its future depending on how the couple’s approach to philanthropy evolves as they separate.Differing Approaches To PhilanthropyGreg Ratliff, who worked at the Gates Foundation for 10 years and is now senior vice president of Rockefeller Philanthropy Advisors, said their work was family-driven, meaning they only took on causes that Bill and Melinda were interested in. They each brought very different approaches to the work, he added.”It was sort of head and heart, and Melinda brought the heart and the personal component,” said Ratliff, who worked on education and education technology projects at the foundation. He remembers how Bill would gravitate toward whatever technology or tools they were implementing in the schools, and Melinda would look to the impact their work had on the students and teachers.Dale said the fact that they have their own separate interests means their individual giving outside of the foundation could pick up.That’s what happened following Jeff Bezos and MacKenzie Scott’s divorce in 2019. As a couple, they weren’t big philanthropists, especially relative to their $137 billion net worth at the time. Shortly after their split, Scott received a quarter of the former couple’s Amazon.com Inc. stake, worth about $38 billion then. She signed the Giving Pledge and in 2020 went on a philanthropic tear, giving away almost $6 billion to hundreds of small organizations in a matter of months.In other small coincidences, the Gates announcement of a split came in the form of a Twitter message, signed “Melinda Gates and Bill Gates,” a departure from the “Bill and Melinda” on pretty much everything else the couple signs. And like Scott, Melinda has prominently embraced her maiden name since they announced the split, going by Melinda French Gates.The two women have worked together on shared causes, including the Equality Can’t Wait Challenge in 2020, a $30 million award to organizations that come up with ways to advance women’s power by 2030.In 2015, Melinda started Pivotal Ventures, an investment and incubation company, “as a separate, independent organization” from the foundation to focus on solving issues impacting women and families. Bill also has his own side projects, like Breakthrough Energy Ventures, a fund that fights climate change by investing in green startups.Dividing The AssetsHow the Gates fortune is split could determine which causes get more attention. Their complicated holdings have already begun untangling, with more than $2 billion transferred to Melinda this week alone. The bulk of it is from about 14.1 million shares in Canadian National Railway Co.For now, the foundation is projecting an image of calm.Carla Sandine, spokesperson for PATH, a global health non-profit and major grantee of the Gates Foundation, said they’ve heard the same thing as everyone else: nothing is going to change.”I think we have to trust that,” said Sandine. PATH, based in Seattle, has received more than $2.2 billion from the Gates Foundation.The fact that the divorce of two people has caused so much anxiety and uncertainty in the nonprofit world highlights the problems with the modern philanthropy model, said Erica Foldy, associate professor of public and nonprofit management at New York University’s Wagner Graduate School of Public Service.”What a few individuals decide to do has a massive impact on the health and well-being of millions or even billions of people,” Foldy said.Sandine agrees that it’s frustrating that the world depends on the generosity of individuals to solve its problems.”I think the fact that we would even talk about the future of global public health hinging on the relationship between individuals, I think it’s reflective of a larger problem,” Sandine said. “Public health around the world is not properly funded, so Bill and Melinda Gates have been filling massive gaps.”–With assistance from Tom Maloney.(Except for the headline, this story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)







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Melinda Gates Receives Billions From Cascade, Bill Gates’s Biggest Asset From “NDTV News – World-news”



Separation is expected to involve a wealth transfer that’s only been seen in few other divorces. (File)Cascade Investment, the holding company created by Bill Gates, transferred stock in two of Mexico’s largest companies to Melinda French Gates, bringing the total amount she’s received in the past few days to more than $2 billion.Cascade moved stock in Coca-Cola FEMSA and Grupo Televisa to her control, according to regulatory filings dated May 3, the same day the Gateses announced they were ending their 27-year marriage. Cascade shifted about $1.8 billion of shares in Canadian National Railway Co. and AutoNation Inc. this week to French Gates, Bloomberg reported Tuesday.Their separation is expected to involve a wealth transfer on a scale that’s only been seen in a few other divorces, though few details have yet emerged. It could also have ramifications for one of the most important philanthropic organizations on the planet. The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has given away in excess of $50 billion to support healthcare, education, gender equality and efforts to combat climate change.Gates, the 65-year-old co-founder of Microsoft Corp. is worth $144.2 billion, according to the Bloomberg Billionaires Index. French Gates, 56, is a former Microsoft manager who’s gained international prominence co-running the foundation, and more recently for starting Pivotal Ventures, an investment and incubation company to advance ‘social progress’ in the U.S.Bill Gates’s biggest asset is Cascade Investment, which he created with the proceeds of Microsoft stock sales and dividends. Cascade oversees a vast portfolio comprising real estate, energy and hospitality as well as stakes in dozens of public companies.The biggest public position is agricultural-machinery maker Deere & Co., with Cascade holding more than 10% of the stock valued at about $12 billion, followed by an $11.8 billion stake in waste-collection company Republic Services Inc., Bloomberg data show. That’s followed by Canadian National and Ecolab Inc.Most of the portfolio, overseen by money manager Michael Larson, is comprised of North American companies, but it also owns stock in Diageo Plc, the world’s largest distiller, and London-based private-jet services firm Signature Aviation Plc.The Gateses are also among the largest landowners in America and have homes including their 66,000 square-foot mansion in Medina, Washington.(Except for the headline, this story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)







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Prince blamed for shooting one of Europe’s biggest bears From “BBC News – World”



There is no verification that a hunting permit was granted to the prince. However, Agent Green has produced a leaked document that appears to be a permit from authorities to a hunting association in Covasna granting the prince several days in March, and detailing the death of a bear in the village of Ojdula in Transylvania.







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US birth rate sees biggest fall for nearly 50 years | US news From “World news | The Guardian”



The US birth rate has fallen 4% in the largest single-year drop in nearly 50 years, according to a government report.The rate dropped for mothers of every major race and ethnicity, and in nearly all age groups, falling to the lowest point since federal health officials started tracking it more than a century ago, the report due to be published on Wednesday said.Births have been declining in younger women for years, as many postponed motherhood and had smaller families.Birth rates for women in their late 30s and in their 40s have been inching up. But not last year.The US once was among only a few developed countries with a fertility rate above the 2.1 children per woman that ensured each generation had enough children to replace itself. But the rate has been sliding for more than 10 years and last year dropped to about 1.6, the lowest rate on record. “The fact that you saw declines in births even for older moms is quite striking,” said lead author of the report, Brady Hamilton, of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.The figures suggest that the current generation will not have enough children to replace itself.The CDC report is based on a review of more than 99% of birth certificates issued last year. The findings echo a recent Associated Press analysis of 2020 data from 25 states showing that births had fallen during the coronavirus outbreak.The pandemic contribute to last year’s big decline, experts said. Anxiety about Covid-19 and its impact on the economy likely caused many couples to think that it was not the right time to have a baby.But many of the 2020 pregnancies began well before the US epidemic. CDC researchers are working on a follow-up report to better parse out how the decline unfolded, Hamilton said.Other highlights from the CDC report include:
About 3.6 million babies were born in the US last year, down from about 3.75 million in 2019. When births were booming in 2007, the US recorded 4.3 million births.
The US birth rate dropped to about 56 births per 1,000 women of child-bearing age, the lowest rate on record. The rate is half of what it was in the early 1960s.
The birth rate for 15 to 19-year-olds dropped 8% from 2019. It has fallen almost every year since 1991.
Birth rates fell 8% for Asian-American women; 3% for Hispanic women; 4% for Black and white women; and 6% for mothers who were American Indians or Alaska Natives.
The caesarean delivery rate rose slightly to about 32%. It had generally been declining since 2009.
The percentage of infants born small and premature – at less less than 37 weeks of gestation – fell slightly to 10% after rising five years in a row.







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World’s biggest jewelry maker Pandora will no longer use mined diamonds to counter associated human rights violations : worldnews From “World News”



Here lemme fix the headline ” Jewelry maker Pandora decides to cheap out and blame it on human rights they never cared about”Diamonds was a very small part of their business as is. So no they aren’t “cheaping out”, they just think their customers want something different (and cheaper).







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Striking health workers in Argentina reject govt’s 53% salary increase, maintaining road blockade to country’s biggest shale site From “RT World News”



Health workers who are blocking roads to the country’s biggest shale play at Vaca Muerta have rejected a reported 53% salary increase, paid in installments until April 2022, amid high inflation and a third wave of Covid-19.

A protester told local media on Monday that workers are demanding an immediate 40% rise, given the impact of inflation, and as a third wave of Covid-19 hits the country. They have rejected a 53% pay increase that would have been paid incrementally over a year. The strike has lasted nearly two months, and, in a recent move, healthcare workers have blocked roads to Argentina’s largest shale gas and oil site in an attempt to push the government to act on their demands. The site, owned by state-run YPF, produces nearly 13% of the nation’s oil output, and the health workers’ demonstration has sparked fears of fuel shortages. Roads to Vaca Muerta have been blocked for three weeks, paralyzing operations. According to the TN news channel, workers have been arriving at the site by helicopter.“We know we’re causing problems by not letting fuel and goods trucks through, but someone has to listen to us,” said one nurse participating in the blockade near the town of Rincón de los Sauces. While Argentina, like many nations around the world, is facing a resurgence of Covid-19, registering case numbers higher than the first and second wave, the country also suffers from one of the highest inflation rates in the world. Inflation over the past 12 months was 42.6%, albeit lower than previous years.

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Argentine president tests positive for Covid-19 after Russia’s Sputnik V shot, but researchers say he will recover swiftly

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MI6 ‘green spying’ on biggest polluters to ensure nations keep climate change promises : worldnews From “World News”



This is the best tl;dr I could make, original reduced by 86%. (I’m a bot)British secret agents have started “Green spying” on the world’s biggest polluters to make sure they “Play fair” and keep their climate change promises, the head of MI6 has revealed.He said climate action was not an “Expensive, politically correct, green act of bunny hugging”, but could deliver green jobs and growth, and the world could build back better from the pandemic by building back greener.Sky News broadcasts the first daily prime time news show dedicated to climate change.Extended Summary | FAQ | Feedback | Top keywords: climate#1 change#2 world#3 emissions#4 show#5







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Brazil crime: One of world’s biggest arms traffickers recaptured From “World News”



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